Koneswarar, Kudavasal, Tiruvarur

Basic information about the temple

Moolavar:KoneswararAmbal / Thayar:Periyanayaki, Brahannayaki
Deity:SivaHistorical name:TirukkuDavaayil
Vriksham:VaazhaiTeertham:Amrita Teertham

Karana agamam

Age (years):


Timing:6 to 12 & 4 to 8Parikaram:

Temple group:Paadal Petra Sthalam (Kaveri Then Karai)
Sung by:


Temple set:



City / town:KudavasalDistrict:Tiruvarur
Maps from (click): Current location Kumbakonam (18.2 km)Tiruvarur (22.3 km)

Mayiladuthurai (38.3 km)Thanjavur (47.9 km)


Kudavasal is located almost midway between Kumbakonam (18km) and Tiruvarur (20 km).

Sthala puranam and temple information

The puranam of this temple is closely linked to the story of Kumbakonam. When pralayam happened, and before the start of Kali Yugam, Brahma gathered seeds of all living beings and put them in a pot (kumbham or kudam, made of sacred earth from the world) as advised by Lord Siva. During the floods, the kumbham was floating and came to rest at Kumbakonam (konam=corner). The mouth of the kudam / kumbham rested at this place, and so the place gets the name Kuda-vasal or Kuda-vayil (both meaning the same – mouth of the pot).

Lord Siva appeared as a hunter and shot an arrow at the earthen kumbham. The pot shattered, and everywhere it landed it became a Swambhu murti Siva Lingam. One piece fell here as well, and over time, was covered by an anthill.

Lord Siva is said to have come out of a pot (kudam) to cure the leprosy of Sage Deenabandhu, here.

According to another legend, in order to release his mother, Vinata, from bondage, Garuda got some nectar in a pot. Kadru wanted to stop the nectar from reaching Vinata, so she roused an asura to fight Garuda, who placed the pot on an anthill, before commencing the fight. After the fight was over, the victorious Garuda noted that the pot had gone into the anthill, and so he broke the anthill – only to find Lord Siva in the form of a Swambhu murti inside. He prayed to Siva and narrated his mother’s plight to the Lord, and with His blessings, was able to rescue Vinata. Garuda then built a temple here for Siva. Garuda praying to Lord Siva is depicted in the sculptures on the temple wall.

A drop of the nectar fell here and became the temple tank, so on the day of Mahamaham, it is considered sacred to bathe at this temple’s tank.

Arunagirinthar has sung about Murugan here, in the Tiruppugazh.

This temple has some unique features. Though a west-facing temple, due to it being a maadakoil, the entrance to the garbhagriham is through steps on the southern side. Therefore, devotees will have to nearly complete one full pradakshinam of the temple at ground level, in order to reach the sanctum. Also, the avudai is square, which is unusual for temples in this region.

There are several different shrines here for Vinayakar, who is worshipped here as Siddhi Vinayakar, Anumati Vinayakar, Maalai Vazhipaadu Vinayakar and Adigaja Vinayakar.

Some of the older names of this place are Garudathiri (due to the association with Garuda) and Vanmikaachalam (due to the anthill connection). The temple features two different Bhairavar murtis, and interestingly, one of them is depicted without the dog vahanam. While the temple has a flat gopuram, the suthai sculptures on the vimanam as well as other sculptures in the temple depict various events from the puranams.

Other information for your visit


Chandrasekhar Gurukkal: 94439 59839


Author: TN Temples Project

A personal project to catalogue information on temples (both mainstream and off-the-beaten-track), so that people can learn about them and visit those temples more regularly.

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