Vedaranyeswarar, Vedaranyam, Nagapattinam
Basic information about the temple
|Moolavar:||Vedaranyeswarar||Ambal / Thayar:||VeeNavAda Vidushini|
|Vriksham:||Vanni||Teertham:||Veda Teertham (Sea)|
|Timing:||6 to 11 & 5 to 8.30||Parikaram:|
|Temple group:||Paadal Petra Sthalam (Kaveri Then Karai)||–|
|Sung by:||Temple set:|
|City / town:||Vedaranyam||District:||Nagapattinam|
|Maps from (click):||Current location||Nagapattinam (53 km)||Thiruvarur (63 km)|
|Kumbakonam (101 km)||Mayiladuthurai (104 km)|
Vedaranyam is located on the south-eastern coast of Tamil Nadu, about 40km from Nagapattinam. Further south are Agastiyan Palli and Kodiakkarai, also home to Paadal Petra Sthalams, and the Kodiakkarai bird sanctuary.
Sthala puranam and temple information
In Tamil, Marai refers to the Vedas, and Kadu is for Aranyam (forest). Maraikadu is literally, Vedaranyam, and that is because the Vedas are supposed to have originated at this place, and worshipped Lord Siva here. The temple was built by Aditya Chola I, and is one of many temples built by him on the banks of the Kaveri river, to commemorate his victory at the battle of Tiruppurambiyam.
The Vedas used to stay in the nearby Naluvedhapathi (home of the four Vedas) and conduct puja to Lord Siva using flowers plucked from the pushpavanam, and entered the temple through the main (eastern) entrance. With the onset of Kali Yuga, the Vedas told Lord Siva that they have no more work on the earth and left the temple after locking the main entrance. So, people used the side entrance to enter the temple. Once, Appar and Sambandar visited the temple together. At Sambandar’s request, Appar sang 10 pathigams (beginning with Pannin Ner Mosiyal), requesting the Lord to open the doors, which was duly done. After darshan, Sambandar sang the pathigam (beginning with Chaturam Marai), which closed the door permanently.
When they were at this temple, Sambandar was called to Madurai to help cure the ill king Koon Pandiyan. Appar, thinking about the dangers to Sambandar, told him that the planets were not aligned properly and it may be a risk to leave then. In response, Sambandar sang the Kolaru Pathigam here, which states that for the devotee of Lord Siva, there can be no adverse effects of the planets (Navagrahas) or indeed, any other negative forces.
Rama is said to have visited this temple to absolve himself of the sin of killing many people during the war in Lanka. When Rama was chased by veera hatthi, the ghosts of the warriors he killed in Lanka, it was kicked away by Vinayakar here, which gave him his name Veera Hatthi Chetha Vinayagar. Similar to Rameswaram, Rama’s footprints are maintained in a nearby place called Ramar Padam.
Brahma worshipped at this temple prior to commencing creation on earth. Sage Viswamitra worshipped here on his way to gaining the status of Brahmarishi.
The pancha lingam are said to have been installed by the Pandavas.
This temple is also regarded as one of 64 Sakti Peethams (Sundari Peetham).
Once, the deepam in the temple was about to go off. Lord Siva told Parvati that anyone who rekindled the lamp would become the Lord of the three worlds. A rat climbed on the lamp to drink the ghee and in the process, pulled the wick, causing the lamp became bright again. Lord Siva kept up his word, and the rat was reborn as king Mahabali.
This is one of the Sapta Vitanga Sthalams which house one of the maragatha Lingams that Muchukunda Chakravarti was able to obtain after his trials with Indra.
Amman Vedanayaki is said to have a voice sweeter than the music of the veena, and hence Saraswati is seen without the veena in her hand.
Due to its proximity to the sea, Vedaranyam’s residents get salty water at their homes. However, the water in the temple is sweet, and so the entire town gets their drinking water from this temple.
The sea shore east of the temple is called Aadi Setu, and bathing here is considered the equivalent of 100 baths at Rameswaram. This is a popular place for devotees on amavasya day in the Tamil months of Thai, Aadi and Mahalaya.